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Deno Fetch Module A Deep Dive into HTTP Request Handling

By David Li on 2023-11-24T14:08:45.000Z

Deno Fetch Module: A Deep Dive into HTTP Request Handling

Deno, a modern and secure runtime for JavaScript and TypeScript, has gained significant traction since its launch in 2018. One of the key features of Deno is its built-in Fetch module, which provides a robust and user-friendly way to perform HTTP requests. This article will explore the Deno Fetch module in-depth, explaining its key components, usage, and benefits.

What is the Fetch Module?

The Fetch module in Deno implements the Fetch API, which is a modern and powerful standard for handling HTTP requests and responses. It is natively supported in modern web browsers and Deno as well. The Fetch API provides a simple and unified way to interact with HTTP resources, regardless of the underlying protocol (HTTP or HTTPS).

Deno Fetch Module Components

The main components of the Fetch module are the fetch() function and the associated classes and methods for handling the request and response objects. Let’s take a closer look at these components:

Fetch function

The fetch() function is the entry point for initiating an HTTP request. It accepts two arguments:

  1. input: A string representing the URL of the resource, or a Request object.
  2. init: An optional object containing configuration options for the request, such as method, headers, and body.

The fetch() function returns a Promise that resolves to a Response object representing the response of the request.

Request class

The Request class represents an HTTP request. It enables you to create and manage HTTP request objects, including setting request headers, method, and body. You can instantiate a new Request object by passing a URL and an optional configuration object to the constructor.

Response class

The Response class represents an HTTP response. It provides methods and properties for accessing the response’s status, headers, and body. A Response object is typically obtained as a result of the fetch() function call.

Headers class

The Headers class is a utility for managing HTTP headers. It provides methods to set, get, and delete header values. Both Request and Response objects have a headers property that is an instance of the Headers class.

Using the Deno Fetch Module

To use the Fetch module, you first need to import the fetch function from the deno.ns namespace:

import { fetch } from "https://deno.land/x/std/fetch/mod.ts";

Making a Simple GET Request

Here’s an example of a simple GET request to fetch data from a JSON API:

import { fetch } from "https://deno.land/x/std/fetch/mod.ts";

const response = await fetch("https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/posts/1");
const data = await response.json();

Making a POST Request

To make a POST request, you can pass a configuration object with the method and body properties to the fetch() function:

import { fetch } from "https://deno.land/x/std/fetch/mod.ts";

const postData = {
  title: "New Post",
  body: "This is a new post created using Deno Fetch module.",
  userId: 1,

const response = await fetch("https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/posts", {
  method: "POST",
  headers: { "Content-Type": "application/json" },
  body: JSON.stringify(postData),

const data = await response.json();

Benefits of the Deno Fetch Module

Using the Deno Fetch module offers several benefits:

  1. Unified API: The Fetch API provides a consistent and easy-to-use interface for both client-side and server-side HTTP requests.
  2. Asynchronous by design: The Fetch module leverages JavaScript Promises and async/await syntax, making it straightforward to handle asynchronous HTTP requests.
  3. Modern features: The Fetch API supports modern features like streaming, request cancellation, and fetch interception (via Service Workers).
  4. Built-in support: No need for external libraries such as Axios or request; the Fetch module comes built-in with Deno.


The Deno Fetch module provides a powerful, modern, and easy-to-use interface for performing HTTP requests. Its unified API and asynchronous design make it a great choice for developers working with Deno. As you start building applications with Deno, make sure to explore the Fetch module and leverage its capabilities to handle your HTTP requests seamlessly.

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