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Parsing JSON with Klaxon in Kotlin

By David Li on 2023-05-03T14:16:44.964Z

Parsing JSON with Klaxon in Kotlin

Kotlin has become one of the most popular programming languages for developing modern applications, particularly on the Android platform. When working with APIs and data interchange, JSON is a widely-used data format. Klaxon is a popular JSON library for Kotlin, allowing developers to easily parse and work with JSON data.

In this article, we will explore how to use Klaxon in a Kotlin project, including parsing JSON data, creating JSON objects, and more.

Adding Klaxon Dependency

To get started with Klaxon in your Kotlin project, you will first need to add the Klaxon dependency to your build system. If you’re using Gradle, add the following to your build.gradle file:

dependencies {
    implementation 'com.beust:klaxon:5.5'
}

For Maven users, add the following to your pom.xml file:

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.beust</groupId>
    <artifactId>klaxon</artifactId>
    <version>5.5</version>
</dependency>

Parsing JSON Data

Let’s start by parsing a simple JSON string. Consider the following JSON data:

{
  "name": "John Doe",
  "age": 30,
  "isDeveloper": true
}

Creating a Data Class

To parse this JSON data, we first need to create a Kotlin data class that represents the JSON structure. Here’s an example:

data class Person(
    val name: String,
    val age: Int,
    val isDeveloper: Boolean
)

Parsing JSON String using Klaxon

Now that we have our data class, we can use Klaxon to parse the JSON string into an instance of our Person class. Here’s how to do that:

import com.beust.klaxon.Klaxon

fun main() {
    val jsonString = """
        {
          "name": "John Doe",
          "age": 30,
          "isDeveloper": true
        }
    """

    val person = Klaxon().parse<Person>(jsonString)

    if (person != null) {
        println("Name: ${person.name}")
        println("Age: ${person.age}")
        println("Is Developer: ${person.isDeveloper}")
    } else {
        println("Failed to parse JSON")
    }
}

Running this code will output the following:

Name: John Doe
Age: 30
Is Developer: true

Creating JSON Objects

Klaxon also allows you to create JSON objects programmatically. Here’s an example of how to create a JSON object using Klaxon:

import com.beust.klaxon.JsonObject
import com.beust.klaxon.json

fun main() {
    val personJson = json {
        obj(
            "name" to "Jane Doe",
            "age" to 28,
            "isDeveloper" to false
        )
    }

    println(personJson.toJsonString())
}

Running this code will output the following JSON string:

{"name":"Jane Doe","age":28,"isDeveloper":false}

Working with JSON Arrays

Klaxon can also parse JSON arrays. Let’s say we have the following JSON array:

[
  {
    "name": "John Doe",
    "age": 30,
    "isDeveloper": true
  },
  {
    "name": "Jane Doe",
    "age": 28,
    "isDeveloper": false
  }
]

We can parse this JSON array into a list of Person objects like this:

import com.beust.klaxon.Klaxon

fun main() {
    val jsonArrayString = """
        [
          {
            "name": "John Doe",
            "age": 30,
            "isDeveloper": true
          },
          {
            "name": "Jane Doe",
            "age": 28,
            "isDeveloper": false
          }
        ]
    """

    val persons = Klaxon().parseArray<Person>(jsonArrayString)

    if (persons != null) {
        for (person in persons) {
            println("Name: ${person.name}")
            println("Age: ${person.age}")
            println("Is Developer: ${person.isDeveloper}")
            println("---")
        }
    } else {
        println("Failed to parse JSON")
    }
}

Running this code will output the following:

Name: John Doe
Age: 30
Is Developer: true
---
Name: Jane Doe
Age: 28
Is Developer: false
---

In summary, Klaxon is a powerful and easy-to-use JSON library for Kotlin projects. With Klaxon, you can easily parse JSON data, create JSON objects programmatically, and work with JSON arrays. Give it a tryin your next Kotlin project, and you’ll be sure to appreciate its simplicity and flexibility.

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